In recent decades, indicators tracking trends and numbers in international education issues have multiplied and received an increasing amount of attention. The United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) highlights the educational achievements of 19 middle-level nations across the globe. According to a report by World Education Indicators (2002), these 19 nations represent 70% of the world’s population. This report is a yearly analysis of the progress about factors such as:
- Student enrollment
- How much of a priority different countries give to education
- The use of educational resources
- The growth of student enrollment
What other key factors in education across the globe are monitored? A report by Miller, Anindita, Malley, and Owen (2007) is a good example of what sort of factors are looked for in multiple countries. The authors observed the education programs of the G-8 countries (U.S., U.K, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Italy, and the Russian Federation). In their report, they focused on five key aspects of education:
- Overall population size and how many students were enrolled in school.
- Academic performance of students in math, science, and reading
- The context of learning, such as the size of classroom and how different principals used the results of assessment indicators to make changes within their schools.
- Monetary issues, such as how much money a particular country channels towards education.
- Educational attainment, such as the number of grades students completed and how education attainment affected salaries once students moved into the workforce.
Education indicators do not stop at these five key areas. Issues such as poverty, the number of children a woman has, employment, parental education level, discrimination, and gender are some of the many areas which directly affect education.
Miller, D.C., Anindita, S., Malley, L.B., & Owen, E. (2007, August). Comparative indicators of education in the United States and other G-8 countries: 2006. National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved August 31, 2007, from http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2007/2007006.pdf
UNESCO (2002). World education indicators. UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved July 30, 2007, from http://www.uis.unesco.org.ezproxy.snhu.edu/ev_en.php?ID=5263_201&ID2=DO_TOPIC